Korean J Fam Med 2017; 38(3): 111-115  https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.3.111
Physical Inactivity, Sedentary Behavior and Chronic Diseases
Karimé González1, Jorge Fuentes2,3, José Luis Márquez4,*
1Student of Master of Science in Kinesiology, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile
2Departament of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile
3Rehab Med Faculty, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
4School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
José Luis Márquez Tel: +56-9-85120705, Fax: +56-9-27180000, E-mail: jose.marquez.a@usach.cl
Received: October 18, 2016; Accepted: February 25, 2017; Published online: May 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

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New research into physical activity suggests that it is no longer sufficient just to meet minimum levels recommended by health guidelines in order to reduce cardiovascular risk. Both physical inactivity and sedentary behavior have their own health hazards and need to be addressed separately, in order to explore their different deleterious mechanisms. The aim of this review was to define and to characterize both concepts, and their relationship with major non-communicable chronic diseases. A PubMed database search was undertaken, using the following key words: physical activity, physical inactivity, sedentarism, sedentary behavior, and non-communicable chronic disease. This literature review provides an updated view on physical inactivity and sedentary behavior, and reevaluates their prevalence and association with major non-communicable chronic disease.
Keywords: Exercise; Sedentary Lifestyle; Chronic Disease; Public Health

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