Korean J Fam Med 2017; 38(3): 130-134  https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.3.130
Association between the Eating Family Meal and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Using Data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007–2012)
Shin-Ae Park, Woo-Chul Park, Yu-Jin Kwon, Jae-Yong Shim*
Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Jae-Yong Shim Tel: +82-2-2019-2630, Fax: +82-2-3462-8209, E-mail: HOPE@yuhs.ac
Received: March 7, 2016; Revised: May 16, 2016; Accepted: August 2, 2016; Published online: May 20, 2017.
© Korean Academy of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

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Abstract
Background: Several studies have shown that family meals promote a well-balanced and healthier diet and weight status. Metabolic syndrome is related to eating behavior. This study investigated the association between eating family meals and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 4,529 subjects who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV and V (2007–2012). A self-reported questionnaire was used to assess dietary status. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the guidelines of the modified version of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. We compared the overall quality of dietary intake in family meal.
Results: Nutritional adequacy ratios for energy, protein, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, niacin, and potassium, and the mean adequacy ratio were significantly higher in the family meal group (P<0.05). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was lower in the family meal group (P<0.05). However, we observed no significant association between eating family meals and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that eating family meals appeared to be associated with nutrient adequacy. However, we observed no significant differences in prevalence of metabolic syndrome between the 2 groups.
Keywords: Meal; Nutritional Status; Social Class; Metabolic Syndrome


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