Korean J Fam Med 2017; 38(3): 148-155  https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.3.148
Factors Positively Influencing Health Are Associated with a Lower Risk of Development of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Men: The 2007–2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Shinhye Kim1, Mi-Ra Cho2, Taejong Kim3, Hyoung-Ji Lim3, Jae Woo Lee3, Hee-Taik Kang3,*
1Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Family Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Family Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea
Hee-Taik Kang Tel: +82-2-2019-3480, Fax: +82-2-3463-3287, E-mail: kanght0818@gmail.com
Received: March 27, 2016; Revised: June 8, 2016; Accepted: July 19, 2016; Published online: May 20, 2017.
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Abstract
Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has risen rapidly worldwide, including in South Korea. Factors related to lifestyle are closely associated with the development of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and a number of factors positively influencing health, namely non-smoking, low-risk drinking, sufficient sleep, regular exercise, and the habit of reading food labels, among Korean men.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 3,869 men from the 2007–2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Information on five factors positively influencing their health was obtained using a self-reported questionnaire. We categorized subjects into four groups, depending on the number of positive factors reported (group I, 0–1 factor; group II, 2 factors; group III, 3 factors; group IV, 4–5 factors).
Results: Men who reported a greater number of positive health factors had better laboratory and anthropometric values than men who reported fewer positive health factors. The prevalence of MetS was 29.1, 27.2, 20.7, and 14.6% in groups I to IV, respectively. Compared to group I, odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for MetS were 0.96 (0.78–1.19) in group II, 0.67 (0.52–0.87) in group III, and 0.52 (0.35–0.76) in group IV, after adjusting for confounding factors. Odds ratios for abdominal obesity, glucose intolerance, and hypertriglyceridemia were statistically significant.
Conclusion: A greater number of positive lifestyle factors influencing health were associated with a lower risk of developing MetS, in a nationally representative sample of Korean men.
Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome X; Smoking; Alcohol Drinking; Exercise; Sleep


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