Korean J Fam Med 2017; 38(5): 276-283  https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.5.276
A Longitudinal Study on the Effects of Negative Rearing Experiences on Adolescents’ Social Withdrawal and Aggression
Kyung-Suk Lee1, Ok-Joo Choi2, Joon-Ho Kim3,*
1Department of Counseling Psychology, Seoul University of Buddhism, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Social Welfare, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Business Administration, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea
Joon-Ho Kim Tel: +82-2-6439-1777, E-mail: 126r3bn@hanmail.net
Received: March 22, 2016; Revised: July 7, 2016; Accepted: July 14, 2016; Published online: September 20, 2017.
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Background: Children who have experienced negative rearing behaviors show a lack of self-confidence due to emotional instability and are reserved in interpersonal relationships. This can lead to failure in social adaptation and a high risk of depression, suicide, criminal acts, and anti-social behaviors. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of experiencing negative parental rearing behaviors, such as neglect and abuse, on adolescents’ social withdrawal and aggression, by utilizing multivariate latent growth models.
Methods: Data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS), a survey conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute targeting a cohort of three different age groups (grade 1, grade 4, and grade 7), from 2010 to 2016 was used. Multi-stage stratified sampling methods were used in the KCYPS, which surveyed the students and parents of the selected grade levels. This study analyzed the data for grade 7, from second year (grade 8) to fourth year (grade 10).
Results: Negative rearing experiences had a significant effect on social withdrawal and aggression, and this influence was shown to persist over the long term.
Conclusion: This study examined the long-term developmental trajectory in the relationship between risk factors for adolescent development. Furthermore, the relationship between risk factors was shown to have not only short term but long-term effects as well, which reinforces the limitations of previous studies.
Keywords: Negative Rearing Experiences; Social Withdrawal; Aggression; Multivariate Latent Growth Models

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