The Effect of Videotaping Students' Interviews with Patients for Interview Skill Education
Woo Sung Lee, Ji Young Hwang, Ji Eun Lim, Sang-Yeon Suh, Ki Heum Park, Nak-Jin Sung*
Department of Family Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea
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Background: The importance of communication between patients and physicians has been proven in many previous studies. The authors analyzed the effect of interview skill education through videotapes which recorded students' interviews with real patients in the outpatient department of family medicine.
Methods: This study was conducted with all students who chose the elective course of family medicine and one randomly selected student every week from an 'infectious internal medicine' class at Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital during the period from December 2008 to March 2011. All students performed a preliminary examination of a new patient at the outpatient department of family medicine. All consultations were videotaped. Feedback to the student was given on the same day by viewing the videotape together. After feedback, all students performed another preliminary examination of one new patient at the department of family medicine the same week. Three family medicine residents scored all videotapes using 10-item interview skill checklists. Many parts of the checklists were modified using the Arizona Clinical Interview Rating Scales.
Results: Thirty-three students participated. Of 10 items, nine showed increased scores after feedback. There was a significant change in four items after feedback: 'type of question' (before 2.36 ¡¾ 0.60, after 2.73 ¡¾ 0.72), 'timeline' (before 2.82 ¡¾ 0.68, after 3.18 ¡¾ 0.73), 'positive verbal reinforcement' (before 2.24 ¡¾ 0.56, after 2.61 ¡¾ 0.90), and the total score (before 21.70 ¡¾ 2.62, after 23.39 ¡¾ 3.13) (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Giving feedback to medical school students on medical interview skills using videotapes of students' preliminary consultations with real patients in outpatient settings, was effective in improving the interview areas of 'type of question,' 'timeline,' 'positive verbal reinforcement,' and the total interview scores.
Medical Schools; Undergraduate Education; Outpatients; Communication; Videotape Recording