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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 30(10); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2009;30(10):796-804.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2009.30.10.796    Published online October 20, 2009.
Influence of Anxiety, Depression and Stress on Adjustment to College in Freshmen of a University.
Sin Hyeong Lee, Hwee Soo Jeong, Dong Wook Lee, Ki Heum Park, Zu Young Yun, Jung Jae Park
Department of Family Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea. hweesoo@yahoo.co.kr
일개 대학 신입생들의 대학생활적응에 대한 불안, 우울, 스트레스의 영향
이신형, 정휘수, 이동욱, 박기흠, 윤주영, 박정재
동국대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실
Abstract
Background
Freshmen maladaptation to university life has brought a lot of attention recently. Therefore, we intended to investigate about the relationship between anxiety, depression, stress and freshmen adaptation to university life. Methods: We recruited 861 freshmen of a university located in Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk, and measured their degree of anxiety, depression, and stress by questionnaire from March 10 to 14, 2008. After 8 weeks, we examined their adaptation to university life by questionnaire and fi nally, analyzed the data of 600 freshmen. Results: Among the freshmen, 285 (47.5%) had anxiety, 95 (15.8%) depression, and 70 (11.7%) stress. Adaptation to university life significantly associated with college-entrance exam experience, the number of close friends in class, willingness to join the club, major satisfaction and distance from the university to hometown, in addition to anxiety, depression, and stress. Risk factors of maladaptation to university life were stress (odds ratio: 2.66, 95% confidence interval: 1.60 to 4.45), depression (2.45; 1.56 to 3.84), one experience of college entrance exam (1.83; 1.24 to 2.69), anxiety (1.73; 1.27 to 2.37) and fewer than 5 close friends (1.60; 1.17 to 2.20). Short distance from the university to hometown (0.72; 0.53 to 0.98), willingness to join the club (0.60; 0.41 to 0.87) and major satisfaction (0.42; 0.29 to 0.61) were identifi ed as lowering the risk of maladaptation to university life. Conclusion: Anxiety, depression, and stress closely related to freshmen adaptation to university life. During freshmen's health examination, we need to identify the degree of anxiety, depression and stress in order to predict maladaptation to university life.
Key Words: Adaptation to University Life; Anxiety; Depression; Stress


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