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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 30(9); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2009;30(9):695-702.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2009.30.9.695    Published online September 20, 2009.
Performance of the AUDIT Alcohol Consumption Questions (AUDIT-C) and AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone in Screening for Problem Drinking.
Jeong Hwan Seong, Chang Hun Lee, Hyun Jin Do, Seung Won Oh, Youl Lee Lym, Jae Kyung Choi, Hee Kyung Joh, Kyuk Jung Kweon, Dong Yung Cho
Department of Family Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. lym102@kuh.ac.kr
일차진료에서 문제음주자 선별을 위한 Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Alcohol Consumption Questions (AUDIT-C)의 타당도 조사
성정환, 이창훈, 도현진, 오승원, 임열리, 최재경, 조희경, 권혁중, 조동영
건국대학교 의학전문대학원 가정의학교실
Abstract
Background
In the busy primary care setting, there are several limitations in applying Alcohol Use Disorders Identifi cation Test in Korea (AUDIT-K) to screen problem drinking. Thus, for primary healthcare practice, we evaluated AUDIT-C, which covers questions from 1 to 3 in AUDIT-K, and AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone to present cut points for these two screening questionnaire according to AUDIT-K test scores. Methods: In a university hospital, we surveyed 302 males with a drinking history via self-administered questionnaire including AUDIT-K, from November 2007 to April 2008. On the basis of total score in AUDIT-K, we divided them into four groups: normal, problem drinking, alcohol use disorder, and alcohol dependence. For each alcohol drinking behavior pattern, we drew the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves to present cut points for appropriate sensitivity and specifi city. In addition, we compared the performance of AUDIT-C and AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone through area under the curve (AUC). Results: For AUDIT-C, we designated the score 8 or more as problem drinking, 9 or more as alcohol use disorder, and 11 or more as dependence. The results of sensitivity/specifi city for each group were 82%/76%, 76%/79%, 80%/86%, respectively, which were suitable for screening. For AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone, we defined the score 3 or more as problem drinking or alcohol use disorder and the score 4 as dependence. The results of sensitivity/specifi city for each group were 79%/80%, 84%/67%, 85%/77%, which were appropriate for screening. For every drinking behavior group, AUDIT-C was superior to AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone in screening performance (problem drinking: 0.88 vs. respectively 0.85, alcohol use disorder: 0.86 vs. 0.82, alcohol dependence: 0.88 vs. 0.81) Conclusion: We confi rmed that both AUDIT-C and AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone, which are more convenient and have fewer time con-straints than AUDIT-K, are reasonable screening methods for problem drinking. Thus, we recommend further drinking assessment and proper intervention for male drinkers who have scores 8 or more in AUDIT-C or 3 or more in AUDIT-K Question 3 Alone.
Key Words: Problem Drinking; Alcohol Use Disorders; AUDIT-K; AUDIT-C; Sensitivity; Specifi city; Validity


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