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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 30(9); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2009;30(9):710-716.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2009.30.9.710    Published online September 20, 2009.
Factors Associated with Premenstrual Syndrome in High School Students.
Jung Won Park, Jun Su Kim, Ka Young Lee, Tae Jin Park, Sung Hee Kim
Department of Family Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Pusan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea. hippoid@hanmail.net
여고생의 생리전증후군과 관련된 요인
박정원, 김준수, 이가영, 박태진, 김성희
인제대학교 의과대학 부산백병원 가정의학교실
Abstract
Background
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common and disabling disorder among adolescents. But the research addressing premenstrual disorders in adolescents is sparse and such disorders may well be underrecognized. In this regard, the study aimed at identifying attributes to premenstrual symptoms by surveying one high school located in Busan, Korea. Methods: A total of 381 adolescent females who accepted the participation in this study were recruited from one academic high school in Busan, Korea. For the evaluation of risk factors on the PMS, we investigated menstrual patterns, severity of premenstrual symptoms, environment and life events, stress, and physical activity. Results: In bivariate analysis, earlier menarche (P = 0.007), higher BEPSI score (P < 0.001), higher physical activity score (P = 0.003), and drinking alcohol (P = 0.047) were related to PMS symptom severity. On multiple regression analysis, Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument Score (P < 0.001), age of menarche (P = 0.003) and physical activity (P = 0.004) were independent explanatory variables of PMS symptom severity. Conclusion: This study showed that the relationship between PMS symptom severity and age of menarche and stress was statistically signifi cant in high school girls.
Key Words: Premenstrual Syndrome; Risk Factor; Adolescence


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