Korean J Fam Med Search


Korean J Fam Med > Volume 42(6); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2021;42(6):445-452.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.21.0071    Published online November 20, 2021.
Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccination Willingness among Health Care Workers: A Quick Online Survey in India
Rajesh Kumar1  , Kalpana Beniwal2  , Yogesh Bahurupi3  , Ravi Kant4  , Mukesh Bairwa5 
1Department of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India
2Department of Nursing, Assistant Nursing Superintendent, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India
3Department of Community & Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India
4Division of Diabetic and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India
5Department of Internal Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India
Corresponding author:  Rajesh Kumar, Tel: +91-7055911523, Fax: +91-135-2462983, 
Email: rajesh.nur@aiimsrishikesh.edu.in
Received: 31 March 2021   • Revised: 14 May 2021   • Accepted: 20 May 2021
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a large number of deaths along with severe socio-economic effects. The vaccine is considered to be the last hope to control viral transmission. This study aimed to explore the determinants of health care workers’ (HCWs) willingness to take the COVID-19 vaccination.
A structured, pre-validated, and pre-tested questionnaire was administered online to 599 HCWs including physicians, residents, and nurses from different types of healthcare set-ups across India. Information was collected regarding vaccine acceptability, attitude toward vaccination, and reasons for hesitancy. The chi-square test, followed by multinomial regression analysis, was applied to determine the factors associated with HCWs’ vaccination willingness.
It was found that 73 % (n=437) of HCWs were willing to accept the vaccines, while 10.85% (n=65) refused and 16.2% (n=96) needed more time to decide. Gender (P<0.001), occupation (P=0.040), working as front-line workers (P=0.008), vaccine manufacturing country preferences (P<0.001), and perceived risk of catching COVID-19 in the next 6 months (P=0.005) had a significant association with intent to receive vaccination (the response were “yes” vs. “no” and “not sure”). The reasons for vaccine hesitancy were vaccine safety and efficacy concerns, antivaccine attitude and beliefs, personal choice, and not wanting to take a vaccine before others.
The majority of HCWs agreed to take COVID-19 vaccines once available. Nevertheless, providing support to manage evolving vaccine environments will help change the perception of HCWs who refuse or are reluctant to take the vaccines.
Key Words: Vaccines; COVID-19; Health Personnel; Coronavirus; Vaccination Willingness


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