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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 31(6); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2010;31(6):461-471.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2010.31.6.461    Published online June 20, 2010.
Reliability and Validity of Korean Version of Questionnaire for Weight Bias Measurement.
Eun Mi Kim, Kayoung Lee, Kyu Man Hwang, Jun Su Kim, Tae Jin Park
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. kayoung.fmlky@gmail.com
한국어판 체중편견(Weight Bias) 측정 도구의 신뢰도 및 타당도
김은미, 이가영, 황규만, 김준수, 박태진
인제대학교 의과대학 부산백병원 가정의학과
Korean versions of Fat Phobia Scale (short form) (F-scale), Beliefs About Obese Persons Scale (BAOP), and Attitudes Toward Obese Persons Scale (ATOP) which are scales of rating weight bias were assessed to find out the reliability and validity.Methods: Korean versions of F-scale, BAOP, and ATOP were completed twice by 165 adults (85 males, 80 females; 73 hospital staffs, and 92 teachers). Validity was tested using Spearman correlation and factor analysis. Reliability was analyzed using test-retest analyses (Spearman Rho value).Results: Using factor analyses, F-scale comprised of three factors explaining 55.20% of the total variance, BAOP two factors explaining 53.3% of the total variance, and ATOP six factors explaining 61.61% of the total variance. Spearman correlation between F-scale and ATOP was -0.28 to -0.36 (P < 0.05), suggesting that people who worried about being obese tended to have negative attitudes against obesity. The correlation between F-scale and BAOP was -0.25 to -0.27 (P < 0.05), meaning that people who worried about being obese had a tendency to blame obesity on environmental factors. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were 0.79 to 0.90 for F-scale, 0.34 to 0.38 for BAOP and 0.82 to 0.87 for ATOP. Spearman Rho values were 0.47 for F-scale, 0.50 for BAOP, and 0.47 for ATOP (P < 0.05). The scores of each scale were not related to subjects' sex, BMI, body perception, and weight control efforts, while for ATOP scores older subjects were more likely to have a negative view for obesity (P < 0.05).Conclusion: The Korean version of F-scale, ATOP and BAOP could be considered as a tool to evaluate weight-bias however, further study is needed for appropriate application.
Key Words: Weight Bias; Obesity; Questionnaire; Reliability; Validity


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