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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 31(6); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2010;31(6):444-452.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2010.31.6.444    Published online June 20, 2010.
Job Characteristics and Occupational Stress on Health Behavior in Korean Workers.
Su Hyon Chon, Ji Yong Kim, Jung Jin Cho, Jung Gum Ryoo
1Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Medical Center Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea.
2Department of Family Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Korea. wisdra@hanmail.net
직장인에서 작업특성 및 직무스트레스가건강행태에 미치는 영향
전수현, 김지용, 조정진, 류정금
1
2
Abstract
Background
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of job characteristics and occupational stress on health related behavior. Methods: Eight thousand five hundred twenty two workers (21-65 years of age) who recruited from a nationwide sample in Korea completed a self-administered questionnaire regarding socio-demographic factors, job characteristics, health-related behaviors such as alcohol consumption, current smoking status & exercise, and occupational stress assessed by Korean Occupational Stress Scale. Multivariate analyses were conducted to analyze the association of occupational stress and job characteristics with health behavior according to gender separately.Results: In male, the problem drinking was positively associated with older age, lower educational level, some industries such as 'transport,' 'wholesale and retail trade' industries, difficult physical environment, insufficient job control, inadequate social support, job insecurity, and organizational injustice. Current smoking was positively associated with younger age, lower educational level, single marital status, lower incomes,'transport' industry and high job demand. The rate of regular exercise was negatively associated with lower incomes, shift works, and the 'electricity, gas and water supply' industies, high job demand, insufficient job control, inadequate social support, job insecurity, and lack of reward. 'Financial institutions and insurance' industry. Conclusion: Occupational stress and certain industrial classification have impact on health related lifestyles in Korean male employees.
Key Words: Occupational Stress; Problem Drinking; Smoking; Exercise; Korean Occupational Stress Scale


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