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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 1991;12(3):37-45.
Published online March 1, 1991.
A study on the induced abortion and contraception.
Hag Eun Suh, Kyung Hwan Cho, Myung Ho Hong
인공유산의 실태와 피임에 대한 조사
서학은, 홍명호, 조경환
고려대학교의과대학부속 구로병원 가정의학과
Abstract
This study was planned to evaluate the actual circumstances of induced abortion in urban and rural area, and figure out the way how to reduce the frequency of induced abortion that causes many complication and danger if there is any.
Questionnaire survey was done for five months from January to May 1990. The objective of study was married women who visit to Family Medicine, Guro Hospital, and Yoju Hospital, the Korea University. Total repondents was 100 persons : 53 were living in rural area and 47 persons were living in urban area. SAS program was used for analysis of this study and the result was following;
1. Sixty-six women experienced induced abortion, 38(57.6%) of them were living in urban and 28(42.4%) in rural area.
2. Mean frequency of induced abortion was 1.57(2.19 in urban, 1.02 in rural) and significantly higher in urban are than in rural area(P<0.01).
3. The reason for induced abortion : Because they did not want any more children 27(44.3%), was the most common cause, control the interval between siblings 11(18.0%), was the next and conception before marriage lock 10(16.4%), economic reason 7(11.5%), health problem 5(8.2%) in urban and so on. The other hand, did not want any more children 22(52.3%), health problem 9(21.4%), control the interval between sibling 7(16.7%), economic reason 3(7.2%), afraid of female baby 1(2.4%) in rural in order were the reason of induced abortion.
The most common reason of induced abortion was they who experienced induced abortion did not want any more children.
4. Among 105 induced abortions, contraceptions were not performed in 76 cases(72.4%), contraceptions were perfomed in 29 cases(27.6%).
5. There was no difference in the number of children, method of contraception, school education level between women living in urban area and in rural area.
6. All ten respondents who had induced abortion due to pregnancy before marriage were living urban area.
7. The method of induced abortion were dilatation and curettage in 102 cases(98.0%) and 3 cases(2%) were with certain herb medication, drug injection, pitocin induction at 3rd trimester, and so on.
8. Dilatation and curettage were done most in 1st trimester, but 17 cases(7.6%) were done in 2nd trimester.
9. The sources of education for contraception were personel of health center in 30 cases(42.3%), neighborhoods and lay person in 17cases(23.9%), books 11cases(15.5%), physician in 10 cases(14.1%) and the others in 3 cases(4.2%).
10. The methods of contraception were tubal ligation in 28 cases(41.8%), condom in 12 cases(17.9%), loop 1 case(14.0%), vasectomy 7 cases(10.4%), rhythm method 4 cases(6.0%), orall pill 3 cases(4.5%), and the others 3 cases(4.5%).


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