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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 2007;28(7):532-541.
Published online July 10, 2007.
Validity and Reliability of Korean Version of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) Short Form.
Ji Yeon Oh, Yun Jun Yang, Byung Sung Kim, Jae Hun Kang
1Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Graduate School of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Family Medicine, Inje University School of Medicine, Korea. johnyang@ilsanpaik.ac.kr
3Department of Family Medicine, Kyunghee University School of Medicine, Korea
한국어판 단문형 국제신체활동설문(IPAQ)의 신뢰도와 타당도
This study was performed to evaluate the reliability and the validity of the Korean version of IPAQ short form. Method: Sixty-nine volunteer adults completed the questionnaires twice at 1 week interval, and the second one was compared to the results of Actical in order to test validity. Results: The Korean version of IPAQ was accepted as a proper one by the IPAQ developers. Spearman Rho coefficients and Kappa values of test-retest reliability were 0.427∼0.646 (median 0.542) and 0.365∼0.620 (median 0.471), respectively. The Kappa values were above 0.4 in 5 out of 7 questionnaires. The more physically active by the short form questionnaire, the higher the measured value of the Actical (P=0.039). Spearman Rho coefficient was 0.267 for the correlation between the results of the questionnaire and measured values by Actical. Conclusion: The reliability and the validity of the IPAQ short form were proven. Follow-up studies are needed. (J Korean Acad Fam Med 2007;28:532-541)
Key Words: physical activity, questionnaire, reliability, validity, exercise
연구배경: 본 연구는 한국어판 단문형 국제신체활동설문(IPAQ)의 신뢰도와 타당도를 측정하기 위해 고안되었다. 방법: 성인(15∼69세) 지원자 중 완료된 69명을 대상으로 신뢰도는 조사-재조사 방법으로, 타당도는 ActicalR과 설문지와의 상관성을 조사하였다. 결과: 신뢰도는 Spearman Rho 0.427∼0.646 (중앙값 0.542), Kappa 값 0.365∼0.620 (중앙값 0.471)이었다. Kappa 값은 7개 중 5개 항목이 0.4 이상이었다. 타당도는 설문 응답에 의해 나뉜 3개군 사이에 유의한 신체활동 차이가 있었다(P=0.039). 설문 응답에 따르는 신체활동 정도를 연속 변수로 계산하여 ActicalR측정 결과와 비교하였을 때 Spearman Rho는 0.267이었다. 결론: 국제신체활동설문(IPAQ) 단문형 한국판 설문지는 신뢰도와 타당도가 유의하게 확인되었다. 후속 연구도 필요하다.
중심 단어: 신체활동, 설문, 신뢰도, 타당도, 운동


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